Periodontics is the dental specialty that focuses on the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of gum disease and related conditions. Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is an oral condition affecting the gums and soft tissues of the mouth. It occurs when the harmful bacteria in plaque irritate and inflame the gum tissues, causing an infection. If not treated properly, it can eventually lead to tooth loss, bone loss and gum recession.
In the early stages of the disease, gum disease is referred to as gingivitis. Gingivitis is characterized by redness, tenderness and swelling of the gums. If treated in this early stage, gum disease can often be brought under control or even eliminated. If untreated, it can develop into a more severe stage of the disease, known as periodontitis, which can cause significant damage to the oral tissues and requires more frequent and involved treatment to manage.
In the advanced stages of periodontitis, diseased teeth may be too decayed to save. If this happens, replacing the teeth with implant systems such as All-on-4® implants is not only acceptable, but even preferable, since dental implants help eliminate periodontal disease and improve the health and aesthetics of your smile.
Periodontics includes a number of treatments designed to fight gum disease and improve your oral health. It also includes the placement of dental implants to replace missing teeth. When you visit our office, our dentists will thoroughly examine your mouth to determine which treatment or combination of treatments is right for your needs.